ContactsExecutive Committee Secretary
Rua D. Jerónimo Osório, nº 11, 1º Andar
1400-119 Sta. Maria de Belém
Tel: + 351 21 848 2655
Fax: + 351 21 848 1630
In recent years, Mexico has implemented major changes in the energy sector, favouring renewable energies. These changes resulted from the integration of a new legal framework towards energy transition and the production and use of cleaner energy.
The country has significant potential for ocean energy due to the large coastline, primarily in the Upper Gulf of California: however, in Mexico fossil fuels are still the most important sources for power generation. Several documents denote that the use of clean technologies should increase and targeted reaching a production of 35% of power generation from clean energy, as in the case of the National Energy Strategy, the Electricity Sector Outlook and the Renewable Energy Outlook.
Moreover, there are several programmes that encourage the use of renewable energies, through funding for research projects that promote the development, use and application of clean technologies, an example is the Fund for Energy Sustainability, the Fund for Energy Transition and the Sustainable Use of Energy and the different funds for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of international type.
Mexico does not have a specific policy for ocean energy generation, but there are various mechanisms for the regulation of energy that determine the type of renewable sources that are suitable for power generation, such as ocean energy. The Law on the Use of Renewable Energy and Energy Transition Financing refers to the use of ocean energy in its different ways to generate energy. For its part, the National Water Act refers to the use of national waters for various uses including power generation.
Currently and although Mexico has no pilot or commercial ocean energy generation projects, some studies and pilot projects are being conducted by the Federal Commission of Energy (CFE), the National University of Mexico (UNAM) and other institutions to demonstrate the feasibility for harnessing ocean energy, as in the Upper Gulf of California where is estimated a potential production of 23,000 GWh/year and 26GW installed.
Finally, the formation of a group of specialists from different academic institutions, government agencies and private companies focused on ocean energy is in the process, for exploitation, uses and applications.
Ocean Energy Policy
The renewable energy policy in Mexico (including ocean energy), is based on the Law of Public Electricity Service (LSPEE), which together with the Energy Regulatory Commission (CRE), indicate the rules for generating, conduct, transform, distribute and supply energy.
There are other laws relevant to the determination of the energy policy, such as the Law on the Use of Renewable Energy and Energy Transition Financing (LAERFTE) which defines renewable energy sources, applicable for processing permission with the CRE and the Federal Administrative Procedure Act (FAPA) provides special rules of procedure with some general provisions, such as time limits, sanctions, and verification visits appeal.
For the process of implementation of energy policy, and in particular the ocean energy, are considered the Secretary of Energy (SENER), the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE), the Navy Secretariat (SEMARNAT), the Secretary of communications and Transport (SCT) and the Ministry of Environment (SEMARTAT), among others.
Strategy and National Targets
The Rural Electrification Project Renewable Energy Sources promote rural electrification projects within the next five years to 50,000 households in the poorest municipalities in the country with over 60% of indigenous population.
Main Public Funding Mechanisms
Fund for Energy Transition and the Sustainable Use of Energy.
Financing Program for renewable energy projects and energy efficiency of International-type.
Research & Development
Government Funded R&D