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OES Newsletter
News Bulletin
11 December, 2018

31st ExCo MEETING, 20 - 21 OCTOBER 2016

Brief review of the 31st Executive Committee Meeting held in Singapore, on 20 - 21 October 2016.

The Executive Committee (ExCo) of the Technology Collaboration Programme on Ocean Energy Systems (OES), within the International Energy Agency (IEA), announces the outcomes of its 31st meeting, held in Singapore, on 20 – 21 October 2016, hosted by Nanyang Technological University. Comprehensive overviews of international activities and achievements on ocean energy were shared during the ExCo meeting, and are presented below.

Major outcomes of the OES projects:

  • There is further a new task, Task 11 on OTEC, in which two groups will be working on resource assessment and state of the art of OTEC technology;
  • The Tethys Knowledge Database is continuously updated, with hundreds of journal articles, technical reports, presentations and research studies on environmental issues of marine energy projects;
  • The OES encourages to visit the Instrumentation and Sensor Database developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) – it is a comprehensive searchable collection of information and user experiences for instrumentation and sensors that are relevant for testing marine energy systems in the field and laboratory;
  • A new OES report on Consenting Processes for Ocean Energy with a set of recommendations has recently been published. Fact sheets about each country on consenting processes will be made available at the OES website as well;
  • A report summarising the outputs of the OES workshop on “Ocean Energy Policy: Lessons Learnt” organised this year in Sweden by NREL and hosted by the Swedish Energy Agency will be published soon at the OES website;
  • An updated “International Vision for Ocean Energy” publication is under preparation expected to be released by the end of this year;

All publications from the OES are available at: www.ocean-energy-systems.org
 

China

China

The Chinese Government has been showing strong commitment with marine renewable energies: In March this year, the Government released the 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) for the development of the blue economy, protecting the marine environment and responding to global climate change. This plan is expected to cover 6-8 island projects for multi-energy complementary power supply based on marine energy with a target of 50 MW by 2020.

The Action Plan for Energy Technology Revolution & Innovation (2016 – 2030), also released in March this year, aims to develop marine energy demonstration projects and to establish a new supply chain for this sector by 2030.

The State Oceanic Administration (SOA) and the Ministry of Finance (MOF) of China are continuing to fund marine renewable energies. In 2016, a budget of RMB 100 million has been granted for marine energy projects.

The upgraded project for Jiangxia tidal power plant (from 500 kW to 700 kW), funded by the Special Funding Programme for Marine Renewable Energies (SFPMRE), passed inspection in July 2016. The new turbine has been operating for more than 2400 hours and generated 967 MWh.

Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion (GIEC) with China Shipping Industry Co. have been developing a 100 kW wave energy device known as Sharp Eagle Wanshan, which has been installed this year at sea and has generated more than 30MWh up to now.

Also this year, the LHD Tidal current energy demonstration project (1 MW) has been deployed near Xiushan Island, Zhejiang Province, and connected to the grid in August. This project has been developed by Hangzhou United Energy Co.(HUE) and got the support of RMB 45 million from SFPMREto continue for the next phase.

Denmark

Denmark

The “Partnership for Danish Wave Energy”, formed by wave energy developers, has been showing to be an effective network stimulating innovation and collaboration on wave energy development in Denmark.

There has been a few real sea testing activities at DanWEC this year mainly the testing of Wave Piston that has been re-Installed at DanWEC Hanstholm during the summer of 2016 and the German wave energy system NEMOS at the sheltered DanWEC site in Nissum Bredning.

Floating Power Plant, which combines wave and wind on a single floating platform, is moving on in partnership with DP Energy in Ireland, creating two new project companies Dyfed and Katanes Floating Energy Ltd, developing sites in south Wales and north Scotland respectively. ’This is a breakthrough for us,’ said Ander Køhler, CEO Floating Power Plant. In 2015 Floating Power Plant Ltd, established offices in Scotland, to contribute to these developments as well as building links to the local supply chain.Floating Power Plant P80 technology platform combines a 5-8MW floating wind turbine with a 2-3,6MW wave device.

An R&D project on mooring solutions for large wave energy converters is being conducted by Aalborg University AAU. The objective is to design, test and develop cost efficient mooring solutions for large, slack moored, floating wave energy converters and to build national competences in design and modelling of mooring systems for WECs. It is a €1 million project funded by EUDP, running for 3 years.

Weptos and Resen Waves are in the preparation stage for new rounds of sea testing.

France

France

During this year, the national funding agency ADENE has launched tenders for demonstration projects for wave, tidal and floating offshore wind andalso for pilot farms for tidal and floating wind. Up to €103 million have been granted up to now through the national funding programme “Investments for the Future”.

Sabella D10 (500 kW), installed at Fromveur Strait, close to Ouessant (Ushant Island offshore Brittany),  is connected to the grid and has already 1 year sea trial campaigns between June 2015 and July 2016.

DCNS together with OpenHydro are developing a project to be deployed at sea at Paimpol Bréhat, Brittany. It consists of 2 tidal turbines (16m diameter, 1MW) and the design is underway.

Two wave energy projects are expected to happen soon in France: 

  • The French company GEPS Techno has been awarded €2.5 million in 2015 from the French Government to develop a wave energy device for powering monitoring buoys and has now a prototype ready for monitoring buoys of 100 kW with 600 kWh storage.
  • DCNS, FORTUM and AW Energy are developing a pilot array of 1.5MW in Brittany using the WAVEROLLER technology.

A wave resource map with very high definition along the western coast of France has been developed and it is publicly available at: www.webservice-energy.org/resources-list/iremare/released-information

The 16 MW OTEC offshore platform in Martinique, “NEMO project”, with the French utility ENGIE, is progressing. In 2014, €72million were awarded from NER300 and during this year the authorizations, site assessment, design and risk assessment have been carried out.

Further, a 2MW OTEC project for a resort (300 p.) on Maldives Islands for production of fresh water and air conditioning has been announced.

Germany

Germany

SCHOTTEL HYDRO together with Fraunhofer IWES and others are running a project called TidalPower from mid-2015 to mid-2018, funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy. The project is aiming at the development and improvement of the TRITON platform used by Schottel for the deployment of its current turbines. A TRITON platform model has been tested at 1:17 scale at Hamburg Model Basin in the course of the project. Several modifications have been introduced in the most recent design version, which now supports 40 turbines.

SCHOTTEL HYDRO further continues its plans for the TRITON prototype to be installed at FORCE, Bay of Fundy (Canada). The manufacturing of the 40 turbines has already started in Germany and the deployment at FORCE is scheduled for next year. The company has also sold several turbines to British company Sustainable Marine Energy to be used as part of their PLAT-O systems, installed a 50 kW turbine in West Papua (Indonesia) and is pursuing a project on Sentosa Island (Singapore).

The German wave energy developer NEMOS has concluded this year the testing of the 1:5 scale model at DanWEC test site, Denmark, and is now progressing to a full-scale prototype planned to be deployed next year. Another wave energy developer, SINN Power, installed a pilot project at Port of Heraklion, Crete, Greece.

The development and research project “StEnSEA” (Stored Energy in the Sea) is investigating the installation of large storage facilities on the sea floor, at 600-800 m water depth. A 1:10 scale model is going to be installed in Bodensee Lake, Germany. The commercial target size per sphere is at about 20 MWh.

India

India

There is now a great interest in India for OTEC. The Government has been preparing a New Priority Programme (2017 – 2020), in which the following activities are planned for Kavaratti Island (Arabian Sea, south west of India):

  • an OTEC plant for powering a new desalination plant;
  • a low temperature thermal desalination (LTTD) plant with drinking quality water generation capacity of 100 m3/day.

Up to now, various plant configurations have been studied, a bathymetry survey and temperature measurements have been carried out at Kavaratti and the required funding to initiate its construction is expected to come shortly.

There are also activities progressing on wave energy and tidal current:

  • The Ministry of New Renewable Energy in India has set up an expert technical committee for the evaluation of technologies ready for open sea, with the National   Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) as the technical partner.
  • NIOT is conducting activities on floating wave power devices. The design of an OWC wave powered navigational buoy has been finalized and is now ready for fabrication, to be tested near Ennore Port, at Chennai.

NIOT has also been developing small rating tidal current turbines and is now conducting the detailed engineering phase of a turbine to be deployed on Andaman Islands at the Bay of Bengal, for performance assessment.

Japan

Japan

In July this year, a 2MW Tidal Current Project has been approved by the Ministry of Environment using OpenHydro technology. The project is promoted by Kyuden Mirai Energy Company involving the following Japanese partners:Nippon Steel & Sumikin Engineering, Nagasaki Marine Industry Cluster Promotion Associationand two universities, Kyushu University and Nagasaki University. The project will be manufactured in France and scheduled to be installed in the west of Nagasaki by the end of 2018.

Since 2014, Japan has been progressing with the implementation of several test sites in selected locations. Up to now, the following sites have been decided by the Government:      

· Awashima uramura Area (Niigata Pref.) - Offshore Wind, Wave and Tidal Current

· Kabeshima Area (Saga Pref.) - Tidal Current and Offshore Wind

· HisakajimaArea (Nagasaki Pref.) - Tidal Current

· Ejima-Hirashima Area (Nagasaki Pref.) - Tidal Current

· Kumejima Area (Okinawa Pref.) - OTEC

· Kamaishi Area (Iwate Pref.) - Wave and Offshore Wind

Monaco

Monaco

Monaco, a small State in size, can serve as a model in several areas, in particular energy, since it has been consciously implementing an energy policy aimed at promoting renewable energies and energy efficiency, as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions and all forms of pollution.

75 Sea Water Heat Pumps produce around 20% of the energy consumed (187,6 GWh on a total of 908,6 GWh) per year in Monaco.

Next year, on 11-13 April, Monaco is organising the Renewable Energies & Ecologic Vehicles Forum & International Conferences (http://www.ever-monaco.com/en). Over this three-day period, EVER Monaco opens its doors to a professional audience: scientific lectures, round table sessions bringing together key figures from the world of sustainable development, and international meetings. The next executive committee meeting of the OES will be hosted by Monaco in connection with EVER.

Netherlands

Netherlands

The Dutch company Tocardo has a 1.2 MW project in operation in an estuarine area in Netherlands, at Eastern Scheldt. Further plans are to install a project of 4 turbines of 250 kW each at the Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy (FORCE) in Canada in late 2017.

RedStack, a Dutch company developing a project on salinity gradient, is working together with Fuji Films to develop efficient membranes and is now running a 4 kW project; the next step is to build a 50 kW pilot project.

Bluerise in another Dutch company with plans to build a seawater cooling plant on Curaçao Island in the Caribbean Sea. The core of the project is the construction of a SWDC (Seawater District Cooling) system, on the coast near the Island's airport complex.

Archimedes Solutions (ARTEQ) is a start-up company in the Netherlands, focused on the development of offshore OTEC and is aiming to develop a project in Martinique.

The 4th International OTEC Symposium was held in The Netherlands (25- 26 October) organised and hosted by Delft University of Technology, Bluerise and the OTEC Foundation. Previous editions of the OTEC symposium were held in HawaiiKorea and Malaysia.

New Zealand

New Zealand

New Zealand is working with EMEC trying to establish a marine test centre in the country, at Cook Strait, where tidal currents are strong. There are plans for developing a project on tidal currents in this site, with the North-American company Aquantis.

AzuraWave, a wave energy device developed initially in New Zealand, is currently installed in Hawaii (1:2 scale device) and grid connected.

Portugal

Portugal

AW-Energy is applying for the license in Portugal to install their “First of a Kind” Waveroller technology in Peniche site, in the same place where previous tests have been done since 2008.

An Australian company, Bombora Wave Power, is also aiming to test a prototype in Portugal and is now working on its design and submission of the application for the licencing process.

Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) from the University of Lisbon has been developing a wave-powered oceanographic buoy to be deployed in the Azores (Condor seamount) in the spring of 2018. This project is funded by the national funding agency, FCT. Currently performance assessment studies of different buoy types are being conducted.

IST is also collaborating with the Portuguese company Kymaner in the development of an air turbine to be installed in the spar-buoy OWC prototype of the Spanish company Oceantec.  The turbine will be tested first in Mutriku OWC breakwater, before installation at the Oceantec device. Another wave energy device being developed by IST is a floater with an interior OWC and air turbine, called U-Gen.  

WavEC is involved in two recent projects of the Horizon 2020 Programme approved by the European Commission:

  • Waveboost, a consortium of 8 European partners, with a global funding of €4 million running for 4 years, aiming at the improvement of a PTO for a wave energy device that will be tested by the Swedish developer CorPower at the European Marine Energy Test Centre (EMEC) on Orkney Islands;
  • Marinet2, a consortium of 39 partners, with a global funding of €10.6 million running for 4.5 years, aiming at the integration and enhancement of all leading European research infrastructures for wave and tidal testing.

WavEC has recently prepared a guide for developers for the licencing process in Portugal, which explains all steps to undertake a project on the Atlantic coast, the Portuguese version is freely available: http://www.wavec.org/content/files/Guia_Wavec_web.pdf (English version will be soon published).

Republic of Korea

Republic of Korea

The official ceremony for the opening of the Yongsoo OWC pilot plant on Jeju island took place on  1 July  2016. This plant is a research facility with an installed capacity of 500kW (250kW x 2) and is using two Impulse turbines.

The Horizontal Axis TEC (250 kW) has been installed at Myungrang, Jindo, and it is expected to be tested and  grid connected, during 2016 and 2017.

The research activities with the Floating Pendulum wave energy converter (300 kW) are progressing: the device has been constructed and is expected to be installed on Jeju Island in the summer next year.

The Korea Marine Energy Test & Evaluation Centre (K-METEC) has now two projects for open sea test sites, both funded by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF):

  • Yongsoo-ri, Hankyung-myeon, Jeju - 5 berths (close to Jeju OWC) with 5MW total capacity for testing wave energy converters;
  • On-going TEC Test Bed Project - 5 Berths with 5MW of total capacity for testing tidal current devices; the location has not yet been decided but could be at Uldolmok.

Korea is further developing R&D activities with small oscillating water columns (OWCs) wave energy devices integrated in breakwaters, for application in remote islands combined with energy storage systems. There is an R&D project on this topic funded with USD12 million by the Ministry of Oceans and Fisheriesthat started in May 2016 and will run until December 2020.

Singapore

Singapore

In Singapore, regional efforts are being pursuit to develop marine renewable energies in the country. Example of this is the Renewable Energy Integration Demonstrator-Singapore (REIDS), an R&D initiative led by Nanyang Technological University (NTU) and supported by public funds. REIDS will be the first hybrid micro-grid in the region which will incorporate power generation from different renewable energy sources, including ocean energy.

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) is collaborating with EMEC in the development of a tropical marine energy floating laboratory in Singapore. Possible sites for developing a tidal current test site in the country are being investigated.

To understand the regional energy needs and ocean energy technology challenges specific to tropical conditions, a technical working group for ocean energy - Southeast Asian Collaboration for Ocean Renewable Energy (SEAcORE) - has been set up with its neighbouring countries, such as Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. This collaboration is a platform for the exchange of ideas, initiatives, and experiences from R&D, policymakers, and industry.

The Sentosa Tidal Test Site project aims to build up the competency of R&D in NTU and Singapore on the harvesting of tidal current energy. The German company Schottel is testing a turbine in the site, a narrow channel between Singapore and Sentosa.

Spain

Spain

The Basque company Oceantec Energías Marinas, promoted by TECNALIA and Iberdrola, has recently deployed its first Wave Energy Converter (WEC) at the Biscay Marine Energy Platform (BiMEP). The transport to site operation of the WEC, so-call MARMOK-A-5, started early in the morning of October 12th and was towed out along Bilbao river from the Navacel premises to BiMEP. The deployment operations took all day as planned. Since 2012, Oceantec has been working on the development of its own wave energy conversion technology. It is a point absorber based on the Oscillating Water Column (OWC) principle. MARMOK-A-5 resembles a large floating buoy of 5 metres in diameter, 42 metres in length and 80 tonnes weight. The generating system comprises two turbines located in the upper part of the device with a rated capacity of 30 kW. The technology development has been supported by the Basque Energy Agency – Ente Vasco de la Energía (EVE) under a Pre-commercial Procurement Contract.

The testing activities of the WEC are also part of the European project OPERA (‘Open Sea Operating Experience to Reduce Wave Energy Cost’). OPERA, coordinated by TECNALIA, will pave the way for a 50% long term reduction in costs, thus accelerating the establishment of international standards and reducing technological uncertainties and technical and business risks.

The Mutriku wave power plant has completed its first five years of continuous operation reaching a record of cumulative energy produced from waves with more than 1.3 GWh injected into the power grid. Along with reaching this milestone, Mutriku plant, operated and managed by EVE, is also a test infrastructure for OWC components where Oceantec is currently testing its air turbines before installing them in the MARMOK-A-5 device at BiMEP.

The PLOCAN Consortium has recently finalised its central infrastructure, the oceanic platform. It has been constructed in the Nelson Mandela wharf at Las Palmas Port during the last two years.  The deployment at the test site is waiting for the fair environmental conditions. The operation is expected to be completed at the end of November 2016. The Platform is a multipurpose infrastructure that will be located 1.5km from shore, at 30 meters depth. The structure will be re-floated and taken to its final location, where the bedding layer will support the final structure.  The Platform provides workshops, laboratories, classrooms, training rooms and open working areas around a test tank to facilitate sea trials and launching vehicle to the sea.

PLOCAN sea test site (23 Km2) is currently in the installation phase of two submarine medium voltage hybrid cables that will be installed in the first quarter of 2017. These electrical and communication infrastructures will allow to deliver the electricity generated by devices working offshore, during their demonstration stage. The initial capacity is set up at 15 MW with a future extension planned up to 50 MW by 2020. Three wave energy devices have already been tested at PLOCAN without grid connection (Wedge, Wello and Pipo System).

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

In UK there is a continuing level of political will for ocean energy. There are two relevant funding opportunities for R&D for wave and tidal energy: Supergen and Wave Energy Scotland (WES).

The Supergen UK Centre for Marine Energy Research funds fundamental and applied research in wave and tidal energy. It is a collaboration of all universities in UK mainly to avoid duplication in research, so projects are complementary with each other and cover the following themes: arrays and farms; extreme loadings and durability; novel marine energy system and components; environmental interaction, fatigue loadings and reliability.

Wave Energy Scotland has now nearly 2 years and has funded innovative approaches for Power-Take-Off (PTO), novel wave energy converters device and in July this year launched a third call for engineering design studies into structural materials and manufacturing processes which was closed on 8 September.

Another relevant initiative lead by UK is the EERA (European Energy Research Alliance) Ocean Energy Joint Programme where European countries work together to address the research needs in an order that aligns with the priorities and urgency of the sector, as well as within the means of available funding. It is coordinated by UK with other 8 members (Spain, Portugal, France, Italy, Ireland, Norway, Germany and Denmark).

United States of America

United States of America

DOE’s goals for marine energy technology can be summarized as: dramatically reduce levelized cost of energy (LCOE) and rapidly increase the rate of deployments as cost-reduction targets are achieved.

In March this year, DOE announced the 9 finalists (from the 17 teams that completed 1/50th scale testing and were selected from an original pool of 92 registrants) of the Wave Energy Prize. These finalists received funding from DOE to develop 1:20 scale models of their wave energy technologies which were tested over the summer at the Navy MASK basin. On 16 November the winner(s) will be announced at the Wave Energy Prize Innovation Showcase. The public is invited to watch the announcement live beginning at 10 a.m. ET. Join by logging on to http://energy.gov/live. Results will also be available at http://waveenergyprize.org/newsroom following the event.

The 2017 Presidential Budget Request – USD55 million for marine renewable energies – was the highest in the Water Power Program’s history. U.S. Congress will ultimately determine the budget appropriated to DOE’s Water Power Technologies Office for FY17 in response to this Presidential Budget Request.

To support the full-scale testing of wave energy devices, the Water Power Technologies Office intends to fund the construction and commissioning of an open water, grid connected, fully energetic wave test facility, with at least 3 testing berths, with sufficient infrastructure and support capacity to accommodate simultaneous testing of the number of WEC devices, with approximately 1 MW rated capacity. Any proposed facility should be capable of supporting industry testing for a minimum of 20 years prior to decommissioning. Total amount to be award: Up to USD40 million.

In 2016, a call for more than $20 million in funding for new research, development, and demonstration projects that advance and monitor marine and hydrokinetic (MHK) energy systems, which generate electricity from ocean waves and tidal currents was launched:

  • Topic Area 1: Advanced Technology Integration and Demonstration (USD16.05 million) - addressing wave/tidal/river technologies and demonstration in full scale open water tests for at least 1 year.
  • Topic Area 2: Innovation, testing, and validation of MHK environmental monitoring instrumentation performance (USD5.95 million) - supporting the progressive testing, innovation and validation of instrumentation for cost-effectively monitoring potential environmental impacts of marine energy devices (acoustic outputs, electromagnetic fields, marine life monitoring and Integrated Sensor Packages).

In August, DOE announced the 10 organizations selected. To preview the selected projects see http://energy.gov/eere/articles/energy-department-awards-more-20-million-wave-and-tidal-energy-projects.

DOE is supporting companies testing their wave energy devices at the Navy’s WETS at the Marine Corps Base Hawaii, Kaneohe Bay. The following companies: Northwest Energy Innovations, Ocean Energy, Columbia Power Technologies are receiving support for design, fabrication and testing.

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EWTEC 2019 – 13th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference

The EWTEC 2019 Conference Organisers invite the global wave and tidal energy community to submit a one-page abstract.

Copyright - OES - 2018

Disclaimer:
Ocean Energy Systems (OES), also known as the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP) on Ocean Energy Systems, functions within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of the OES do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or its individual member countries.


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