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OES Newsletter
News Bulletin
17 September, 2019


Brief review of the 35th Executive Committee Meeting held in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, on 29-30 November 2018.

The Executive Committee (ExCo) of the Technology Collaboration Programme on Ocean Energy Systems (OES), within the International Energy Agency (IEA), announces the outcomes of its 35th meeting, held in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, on 29 – 30 November 2018.

Comprehensive overviews of international activities and achievements on ocean energy have been shared during the ExCo meeting and are presented below.



Australia recently held its 2nd Australian Ocean Renewable Energy Symposium (AORES; Perth, Nov 21-23, 2018). Highlighted at the symposium were a new hub for marine energy research and innovation, the Wave Energy Research Centre (WERC), collocated in Perth and Albany; the Tidal Energy in Australia (AUSTEn; project; and an industry developer showcase with roundtable discussion assessing developing markets for ORE in Australia.

A joint France-Australia research collaboration recently established on wave energy modelling & control aims to develop a longer-term partnership between researchers with joint PhD training in the following years.

The Australian Marine Energy Taskforce (AMET) conducted its 2nd ocean energy survey for the period July 2017 - June 2018; the report not only documents the current state of maturity of Australian ocean energy technologies, but also includes data on target markets, financial expenditures, funding sources, barriers to growth and jobs support.

AMET is leading formation of a virtual marine energy cluster, the Australian Ocean Energy Group (AOEG).  The new organisation is in progress with seed funding provided by the National Energy Resources Australia (NERA).  AOEG is will be established in early 2019.

A few Australian marine energy developers are making good progress:

Wave Swell Energy is working on funding its 200kW wave energy project to be located on King Island;

BOMBORA is currently working on the financial arrangements for their first commercial array project in Europe after the completion and validation of their mWaveTM prototype of 1.5 MW in Wales;

MAKO Tidal Turbines has installed a MAKO turbine system at a large port in Australia and is progressing to a demonstration site in South East Asia;  

Nandy’s R&D Pty Ltd has moved through the proof of concept stage with plans to develop a full-sized pilot project.

Carnegie is moving now with the design of CETO 6 wave energy device of 1.5 MW.



In the coastal province of West Flanders, Western part of Belgium, marine renewable energy is seen as a new emerging market, highly relevant for Flanders. There are several initiatives promoting the development of the blue economy, including marine energies.

The ‘Strategic Framework for Smart Specialisation in Flanders’, describing the on-going policy process for proprietary areas in the innovation and strategy of Flanders, points out the sectors of Blue Economy, Blue Growth and Blue Energy in Flanders as prioritised areas. WESTDEAL is then focussing on West Flanders.

The West Flanders Development Agency (POM West Flanders), responsible for the implementation of the social economic policy of the Province of West Flanders, is supporting developments in the blue energy field, promoting the development of ocean energy technology by the academic sector and private companies. Factory of the Future “Blue Energy” is the action plan of the province of West-Flanders (POM). Moreover, POM has introduced TUA West, an agency that acts as a liaison between partners from various industries and civil society, supporting the triple helix model of establishing links between companies, knowledge institutions and governments.

The Flemish Agency for Innovation and Entrepreneurship (VLAIO) has been supporting a new ‘Innovative Business Network Offshore Energy’ since 2017 and in 2018 set up and a ‘Blue Cluster’ aimed at large companies & SMEs active in the blue economy sector, including marine energies.

Belgium has become member of the Europe Leading Blue Energy (ELBE) project aiming to position Europe as the world technological and industrial leader in “blue” energy.

A relevant European funded project - MET-CERTIFIED - coordinated by the Dutch Marine Energy Centre is developing recognised standards and certification schemes in the sector. Ghent University and POM are the Belgian partners in MET-CERTIFIED.

Ghent University is coordinating the recently approved COST Action CA17105 “WECANet: An open pan-European Network for Marine Renewable Energy with a focus on wave energy”, which supports training, networking and collaboration in Europe. This project is funded by the European COST Association ( and involves 29 countries (

The Flemish wave energy developer Laminaria is developing a 200 kW prototype to be tested at EMEC’s grid-connected wave test site in 2019, through the European funded project LAMWEC (

Ghent University is strategic partner in the H2020 MARINERG-i project ( coordinated by the MaREI Centre at University College of Cork Ireland, which brings together all the European countries with significant testing capabilities in offshore renewable energy. MARINERG-i is developing a plan for an integrated European Research Infrastructure, an independent legal entity, designed to facilitate the future growth and development of the Offshore Renewable Energy sector. Ghent University is participating in MARINERG-i with marine energy technologies testing infrastructure which includes wave flumes and the new Coastal and Ocean Basin (



The new National Key Research and Development Programme of ‘Renewable Energy and Hydrogen Energy Technology’ was release by the Government in August. Ocean energy research is considered in this plan. There has been significant support from the Government on R&D activities in ocean energy: since 2010, over RMB1.2 billion  have been granted spread in 114 ocean energy projects.

Recent progress in ocean energy projects:

• The new 300 kW H-axis tidal turbine developed by Zhejiang University (ZJU) and the Guodian United Power Technology Company Limited has been deployed near Zhairuoshan Island for sea trial and connected to the grid since March 2018, generating 288 MWh until November this year,

Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion (GIEC) of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has been developing a floating wave power plant - Sharp Eagle - and a new hybrid device comprising a 200 kW wave energy system and a 60 kW solar energy system was connected to Wanshan Island grid in August;

Zhejiang Zhoushan LHD New Energy Corporation Limited (LHD) is developing a new 2×150 kW H-axis turbines and a new 2×200 kW V-axis turbines, planned to be deployed very soon. In 2018, this project received a funding of RMB 72 million from the SFPMRE to move ahead to the next phase. The full capacity of LHD project will be up to 7 MW;

• China’s first 1 MW wave energy demonstration project in Wanshan has a total investment of RMB 150 million. The project consists of a platform for testing wave energy devices. Its design, including structure, PTO and mooring system, has been finished and the manufacture is expected to be completed by the end of next year.



Wave energy activities in Denmark continue to be driven by the Strategy for Wave Power published 6 years ago and by the Danish Wave Power Roadmap from 2015. Wave energy in Denmark is funded through the EUDP. Denmark's first maritime spatial plan started to be prepared in 2017 and will form the basis of the coordination of the many uses of Denmark's sea area.

There are 10 active Danish wave energy developers: Exowave, WavePiston, Waveplane, Weptos, Floating Power Plant, Leancon, Crestwing, KN Swing, Wave Dragon and Resen.

The most relevant wave energy activities recently undertaken include: The collaboration of Floating Power Plant, a hybrid wind and wave technology, with DP Energy for the development of projects in Scotland and Wales; the installation and testing of Crestwing prototype with data to be analysed by NIRAS in co-operation with DHI; and the testing at of the WavePiston at the DanWEC test site.

Denmark is involved in the European project WECANet (, a pan-European network with an interdisciplinary marine wave energy approach aiming to provide a strong networking platform for all stakeholders in wave energy. This project is funded by the European Cooperation in Science and Technology action (known as ‘COST’ action).

European Commission

European Commission

The European Strategic Energy Technology Plan (SET Plan) for ocean energy is a research and innovation pillar of the European Union policy, defining technical actions for tidal energy technology, wave energy technology, installation logistics and infrastructure, and also for standards and guidelines. These actions work in tandem with financial actions allowing for a co-ordinated development of the sector: Investment fund for ocean energy farms, EU insurance and guarantee fund, Wave Energy Europe Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP). Further, a set of environmental actions are expected to focus on certification and standards, as well as de-risking environmental consenting. These actions are described in the Setplan Implementation Plan for Ocean Energy.

Five new H2020 R&D projects started in 2018:

• RealTide (tidal energy; Sabella, EnerOcean)
• Imagine  (wave energy; UmbraGroup SPA)
• MegaRoller (wave energy; Waveroller)
• Sea-Titan (wave energy; Wello)
• DTOceanPlus (standards and guidelines)

Further two environmental projects funded by DG MARE/EASME (Executive Agency for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises) have recently been approved: SEAWAVE led by EMEC and WESE led by Azti Tecnalia.

OceanSET has very recently been approved, led by Ireland and involving Portugal, Spain, Italy, France, UK and Belgium, aiming to realise the actions proposed in the SETplan implementation plan for ocean energy mentioned above.

Two new studies have recently been commissioned by the EC:

The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the in-house centre of the European Commission for research and scientific advice to the EU, is developing an inventory of Future Emerging Technologies relevant to energy supply. The needs for the ocean energy sector and the type of innovations to bridge the gap with the market have been analysed and are published in the report Future emerging technologies for the ocean energy sector: innovation and game-changers:

Further, a study on the Impact of European funded Ocean Energy R&D projects of the last 20 years is on-going aiming to provide insights into the impacts of funding and opportunities to influence the recommendations to increase future R&D impacts.



In August, the Law “Essoc” (society in confidence) was adopted. This law will have some implications related to marine energies: Environmental initial assessment and site investigations (metocean, geotechnical, geophysical) might be performed by the State, as well as changes in the framework permit, allowing technical updates of the consented project.

At the R&D level, a recent project called “DIME” has been initiated by France Energies Marines, with national funding, to build a long-term observatory of extreme waves using a lighthouse in the Iroise Sea in order to reduce uncertainties in the calculation of wave-induced stresses on marine energy technologies and therefore to allow engineers to better design MRE structures.

Open sea test sites and test basins are active in France and are participating in the European Marinet2 and Marinerg-I programmes. Following are brief highlights of testing activities:

SEM-REV: the Floatgen OFWT began a grid-connected demonstration on the site in 2018 and Sem-Rev is actively participating in the FORESEA program of first demonstrators;

SEENEOH: The developer DesignPro Renewables began testing a floating vertical axis turbine technology in September 2018.

SABELLA TEC has seen significant progress during the year: several improvements have been made including integration of short-term energy storage in the onshore container, reinstallation of the D10 tidal turbine in the Fromveur Passage last October and connection to the Ushant Island grid. SABELLA has been participating in three European consortiums:

MONITOR (EU-Interreg project): numerical modelling investigation of tidal energy reliability, with tank tests and sea testing; this European funded project is expected to develop a set of tools to enable developers to improve device reliability;

REALTIDE (EU-H2020 project): dedicated to advanced monitoring, simulation and control of tidal devices in unsteady, highly turbulent realistic tide environments;

CF2T (OCEANERA-NET project): developing ways of reducing CAPEX costs and improving reliability of the foundation structure.

Other active French developers include:

The tidal energy company EEL Energy is now developing its new river current model. The wave energy company Hydro Air Concept Energy (HACE) aims at testing a prototype at the SEM-REV test site for one year after a full-scale version was tested offshore the port of La Rochelle.

Naval Energies continues to be active on OTEC with a test bench in Martinique for biofouling studies and an onshore OTEC prototype in La Réunion. Their market objective is to move from design to commissioning of shore-based OTEC power plants or specific subsystems with the possibility of adding by-products (e.g. SWAC, desalination, aquaculture) in association with partners. An underwater data centre with Sea Water Cooling was successfully tested at the EMEC test centre in collaboration with Microsoft.

SIMEC Atlantis Energy created the Normandie Hydrolienne Joint-Venture with the Normandy Region aiming to develop tidal energy projects in the Raz Blanchard using a business model that can work at a regional scale while remaining independent of national incentives. This initiative was announced last October and the official signature took place in November. The action shows Normandy’s full support of industrial activities in the Raz Blanchard (Alderney race) through its economic development agency and the Normandy Participations investment fund.



The project to build an OTEC powered desalination plant on Kavaratti Island on Lakshadweep archipelago (south western coast of India) is now formally approved by the Government. Environmental impact assessment studies have been carried out and submitted to the authorities.

The OTEC laboratory at the National Institute of Ocean technology (NIOT) has been equipped with a control and data acquisition system developed in-house; fresh water and electricity were generated in the trials.

The wave powered navigational buoy developed by NIOT continues to be successfully tested near a navigational channel (at 16 m water depth) at Kamarajar Port, Chennai. Oceanographic parameters wind and current velocities on real time basis are being transmitted to port. Expression of interest for transfer of technology to industrial partner is being taken up. 

IIT-Madras continues to conduct R&D activities with air turbines for wave energy devices: tests with twin unidirectional turbines have been carried out in a test rig. Also, a new bidirectional impulse turbine has been developed and tested in open sea, installed in the wave powered navigational buoy.

Two proposals are under preparation for submission to the Government:

. The development of a large 10 MW floating OTEC desalination plant for electricity generation and fresh water;

. The development of a 100 kW Oscillating Water Column wave energy plant integrated in a breakwater.



A new support scheme for renewable electricity (RESS) is under development, after public consultation and is planned to be available from 2019.

The Prototype Development Fund managed by SEAI (Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland) for R&D projects aims to stimulate the development of ocean energy devices and systems; over 120 projects have been supported since 2009 and €18 million awarded. New targeted calls are being planned.  SEAI is now looking at developing a Pre-Commercial Technology Fund (PCTF).

The Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI) has been successful with 3 European funded projects on ocean energy awarded last October:

• AFLOWT (€30 million; Interreg programme) – to develop an infrastructure to be available for wave energy;

• OPIN (€2.6 million Interreg programme) – to provide enterprise support and networking & collaboration opportunities;

• OCEANSET (€1 million H2020) – to support the implementation of the SETplan.

There are two Irish technologies companies with projects in the water:  

• OE Buoy partially funded by the US Department of Energy and partially by SEAI is on-going a testing programme in the US Navy’s Wave Energy Test Site on Hawaii.

• G-kinetic, a river turbine of 25 kW, has been tested at the SEENEOH test site on the Garonne river in Bordeaux, France.



The Third Basic Plan on Ocean Policy has been approved by the Japanese Government.  This plan addresses the promotion of industrial use of the sea, scientific knowledge, protection of marine environment, international collaboration and enhancement of citizens understanding. Under the industrial use of the sea, the plan considers the promotion and development of marine energy and proposes a major action: to conduct experimental research initiatives involving wave power, tidal power, ocean current power, and other marine power generation, and cooperation with remote islands.

The 100 kW Kumejima OTEC plant has achieved 5 years of continuous operational data. More recently, Japan has initiated a co-operation with Indonesia for the development of an OTEC plant in Indonesia.

IHI Corporation has been testing a demonstration ocean current energy project of 100 kW in the Kuroshio Current, near the Tokara Islands, with the funding support of NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization).

The Institute of Ocean Energy, Saga University (IOES), hosted the 5th Programme of International Platform on Ocean Energy for Young Researchers (Nov 26-Dec 2). The main objective of this event is to improve academic discussion among young researchers and to build a network of ocean energy researchers.



The CEMIE-Océano (Mexican Centre for Innovation in Ocean Energy) has been doing several activities on wave energy: assessing the resource and developing concepts for testing at laboratory scale. A new laboratory has started to be implemented.

On marine current energy, an assessment of best sites has been carried out. Two sites have been selected and analysed in detail with local measurements: Cozumel and the Gulf of California. Other coastal lagoons, submarine springs and surf zones have also shown considerable potential and initial assessments have been made in Yucatán.

The potential of using salinity gradient in the country has also been investigated with intensive field campaigns at Lagartos river and Jamapa river.

CEMIE is developing an Atlas of thermal gradient on Mexican coasts. In this scope, a forum for discussing social impact of installation of energy systems has been organized with participation of international experts.

The environmental issues related with ocean energy are a key topic at CEMIE and a number of initiatives have been conducted including social acceptance. Materials, subsystems and components are other major activities in CEMIE. Work on numerical modelling and tank testing of wave energy converters have been carried out with the oscillating water column (OWC) concept.

Mexico is involved in the organisation of the Pan-American Marine Energy Conference. This conference is designed to complement similar research collaboration conferences in Europe (European Wave and Tidal Energy Conferences or EWTEC) and in Asia (Asian Wave and Tidal Energy Conference or AWTEC). The PAMEC Energy Association was established to be an on-going organization to provide continuity between Conferences, and to support research and development in a range of marine renewable energy activities including offshore wind, wave, tidal, and thermal currents.



There has been continuous support to ocean energy activities in Norway by the Research Council of Norway, which funds applied research, the Innovation Norway supporting prototype development and Enova with support more focused on demonstration activities.

Several Norwegian companies have been active:

Andritz Hammerfest Strom is a long time player in the field. Their 300 kW unit in Northern Norway has been successful. There are good results from EMEC testing of the 1MW model (2011 – 2015). These two devices HS300 and HS1000 have combined produced 3 GWh. It has been chosen by the Meygen project to supply 3 turbines. The land terminal is under construction and the drilling of bores for subsea cables has commenced;

Tidetec consists of a tidal barrage combined with road bridge and a rotating turbine. There is a cooperation with the University of Munich, Mareval AG and Metrotidal. They are now working on a laboratory scale project and have been invited by Atlantis to tender for the Wyre barrage project;

Tidal Sails, a tidal device with sails attached to a wire, has been granted €900 thousand by Innovation Norway to start planning the development of their first prototype;

Fred Olsen BOLT Lifesaver is undergoing a 2nd round of tests at the US Navy’s Wave Energy Test Site (WETS) on Hawaii, to power an oceanographic sensor package;

Norwegian Ocean Power has been developing a tidal device using a Darieus-turbine H300A of 300 kW and they have now permission to install their prototype in Lofoten;

• A new developer, Sea Motion, a wave energy based on a single point absorber has been tested at 1:40 scale using a national research funding (RFF).



The Ministry of Science & Technology has launched an initiative for the creation of an International research centre, the Air Centre - Portugal, Spain, Brazil and South Africa, with a number of signatory countries and Observer countries.

Two new R&D European funded projects have been very recently approved and the activities are expected to start next year:

ETIP Ocean2 – ‘European Technology and Innovation Platform for Ocean Energy’, coordinated by Ocean Energy Europe with 3 partners - WavEC, Edinburgh University and Tecnalia – and a focus on the strategic development of the ocean energy sector;

Blue-GIFT – ‘Blue Growth and Innovation Fast Tracked’, coordinated by EMEC with WavEC and other partners, funded by the European Interreg Atlantic Area programme, will implement a coordinated ocean energy technology demonstration programme aiming to support floating wind, wave and tidal projects across the Atlantic Arc region (Spain, France, Portugal, Ireland and Scotland).

AW-Energy is progressing in Portugal. Within the H2020 project MEGAROLLER, a 3-year project with a consortium of 10 European partners (Portugal, Finland, Germany and Norway), a new PTO for a 1 MW waveroller device will be designed, build and tested.

Within the European funded project WETFEET, coordinated by WavEC, a twin-rotor air turbine has been developed by IST (Instituto Superior Técnico), and also a multipurpose platform made of OWCs wave energy converters has been tested at 1:40 scale at Plymouth University.

IST and the Portuguese company Kymaner have been developing a bi-radial turbine, which has been tested at Mutriku breakwater, in Spain, for one year within the European funded project OPERA led by TECNALIA. In October, the bi-radial turbine was installed at MARMOK-A-5 spar-buoy OWC for testing at Bimep test site.

Since 2017, Portugal has in place a national funding scheme, called ‘Blue Fund’ (Fundo Azul) aiming to stimulate a new generation of sea entrepreneurs, creating innovative and profitable business opportunities in the blue economy. A total support of €1 million has been allocated to fund projects up to a maximum €200 thousand per project.  “BlueCAO” is one of these projects, coordinated by WavEC, which consists in the development of an offshore platform concept for the integrated supply of energy and food to offshore aquaculture parks based on a compact aggregate of coaxial oscillating water columns wave energy devices.

Each year, IST and WavEC are responsible for the organization and lecturer of the specialized modulus in ocean energy of the European Master on Renewable energy:

Republic of Korea

Republic of Korea

The Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries (MOF) has a strategy in place to develop 1.5GW ocean energy infrastructure including the existing 254MW Sihwa Tidal Power Plant by 2030, with a clear pathway to develop wave, tidal and hybrid offshore wind and wave technologies. The strategic plan defines 4 specific actions:

• Expansion of R&D in ocean energy and creation of a test bed;

• Construction of a large-scale ocean energy farm;

• Entering the global market and expanding domestic supply;

• Establishment of ocean energy certification system and strengthening the policy support.

Key R&D activities:

Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering (KRISO) has been investigating small wave energy converters of the oscillating water column type (OWC) integrated in breakwaters combined with an energy storage system and connected to a micro-grid. This project funded by MOF with a USD 12 million budget was initiated in 2016 and will be finished in 2020.

A tidal current and pumped hydropower combined energy conversion has been developed; this concept includes a storage tank which can be also used for aquaculture.

The Floating Pendulum WEC continues to be further developed; the PTO consists of a hydrostatic power transmission and a synchronous generator (300kW, 11kV) and it is now grid connected.

There is a relevant cooperation agreement in place between Korea and China on Technology Exchange for Development and Utilization of Ocean Energy (2018-2020). A new project is under development to promote international collaboration and increase Korean contribution to international organizations in the field of Climate Change, Marine Environments and Ocean Energy Systems.

K-WETEC (Korea Wave Energy Test & Evaluation Centre) managed by KRISO is now in its first phase of development, (May 2016 - December 2019) with a budget of USD 17 million funded by MOF. The testing site has 5 berths with total capacity of 5 MW.



The Spanish Government is working on a new document Energy and Climate Integrated Plan 2021-2030 and APPA Marina (the Ocean Energy Spanish Association) is preparing a proposal from the sector to include ocean renewable energies.

Under the new H2020 project DTOceanPlus coordinated by TECNALIA, a second-generation design tools for the selection, development, deployment and evaluation of ocean energy systems (focused on wave and tidal but including subsystems, energy capture devices and arrays) is under development by a consortium of 17 European partners.

The OPERA project (EU funded H2020), also coordinated by Tecnalia, is making good progress in different aspects related with open-sea data, mooring, power take-off, control, standards, lifetime offshore logistics, risks management and cost of energy assessment. MARMOK-A-5 device was reinstalled last October at BiMEP test site, with a new turbine developed by the Portuguese SME Kymaner, and some mooring changes. This wave energy device has been developed by the wave energy developer OCEANTEC, which has recently been bought by IDOM, a Spanish engineering company.

Ocean_2G (Second Generation technologies in ocean energies) is a new H2020 project aiming to test, validate and pre-certify an innovative second generation 2MW tidal energy platform solution – the ATIR - developed by Magallanes Renovables, which has already been tested at 1:10 scale at EMEC.

A new project funded by EASME called WESE led by AZTI-Tecnalia has just started aiming to collect and process environmental data from three wave energy devices installed in Spain and Portugal.

Two projects are running with support from the Spanish Government:

TRL+ to enhance technological and scientific solutions for marine renewable energy in deep and very deep waters with the collaboration between BiMEP and IH Cantabria;

ORPHEO looking to the profitability of hybrid floating platforms to harness the wind and wave energy.

Last September, a Laboratory for Experimentation and Validation of Materials, Components and Subsystems in Real Marine Environment (HarshLab) was installed at BiMEP.

At PLOCAN, on the Canary Islands, the installation of two submarine cables is expected to be fully commissioned during the first semester of 2019.



The Swedish government has a goal to have 100% renewable electricity production by 2040 and no net emissions of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by 2045. The maritime strategy published by the Government includes ocean energy. There is a new phase of the national ocean energy programme, which is built on the Swedish Energy Agency´s ocean strategy that was developed earlier . The programme is around €10.2 million (2018 – 2024); there was a call recently open and the awarded projects will be soon announced.

There are several ongoing research and development projects but one that was recently finished is aproject with a focus on developing a dynamic low voltage cable between bouy and floating hub. The project involved collaboration between developers, research organisations and supplier. Tests have been made in the laboratory and in the ocean at Runde, Norway.

There are a number of active Swedish developers:  Corpower has finished the demonstration of its half-scale wave energy prototype at EMEC and has now received support from the Swedish Energy Agency for the demonstration of its full-scale unit. Waves4Power has been testing their bouy in Runde. It is now being upgraded and planned to be demonstrated and grid connected again. They are also working on developing their new generation of the buoy. Seabased have complted the tests at Sotenäs testing site. Minesto have installed and tested one fullscale prototype in Wales earlier this year and generated electricity for the first time with this size. They are now focusing on maintenance and power plant upgrades before they resume the offshore operations later in 2019. Minesto has also signed an agreement with the utility SEV for installations of Minsto´s technology on the Faroe Islands in 2019/2020.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

There has been significant deployment in UK on tidal energy projects over the last 6 months, in particular by these four companies:

SIMEC Atlantis: MeyGen Phase 1a project has 4*1.5MW turbines. Has generated 9GWh to date. Phase 1b of 6MW planned.

Orbital Marine Power (formerly Scotrenewables): SR1-2000 2MW deployed at EMEC. Has generated over 3GWh by August 2018. The next generation device is expected by 2020.

Nova Innovation: Shetland Tidal Array of 3 devices of 100KW each has been operating. Units 4,5,6 to be installed 2019-2020.

Minesto: Tidal kite 500kW device deployed has been in Wales for testing since mid-2018.

The EnFAIT project was launched in July 2017. It is a Horizon 2020 funding of €20 million led by Nova Innovation and other 8 partners. It will extend the existing 3 turbine array to 6 turbines and conduct research on array interaction. They have been working on the design and will progress to next stage, to construction and deployment.

Wave Energy Scotland is leading the development of wave energy projects and has committed to date over £30.9 million to 84 separate research projects involving 177 separate organisations across 13 different countries. Major deployments of wave energy projects in UK waters, in 2018, include the Corpower half-scale prototype, the Wello and the Marine Power Systems.

The Marine Energy Council has been formed to have a consistent and strong lobby for marine energies. Key tasks to UK Government are for three complimentary revenue support systems:

• For early demonstration devices/arrays - Innovation Power Purchase Agreement;

• For larger arrays - Ring fenced Contracts for Difference (CfD) in 2019 round;

• Long term support aligned with other mature renewable technologies.

In October, the Government announced that the next auction round for allocation of Contracts for Difference will open in May 2019.

United States of America

United States of America

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Marine and Hydrokinetic (MHK) Energy programme has seen funding increases in recent years. The support for marine energy funding remains strong and in 2018 the DOE Water Power Programme received the highest funding level yet. From 2015 to 2017, DOE has awarded $81 million to marine energy R&D projects developed by the industry, academia and national laboratories, focusing mainly on wave, current and cross-cutting technologies.

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Water Power Technologies Office (WPTO) leads innovation with strategic investments in early-stage research. All projects and investments on cutting-edge water power research can be assessed in this new database:

WPTO launched this year a draft report that details the current economic and technical landscapes for 12 maritime markets where applications may exist for marine energy technologies. The draft report, titled “Potential Maritime Markets for Marine and Hydrokinetic Technologies”, includes the following markets: Ocean Observations, Unmanned Underwater Vehicles/Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Recharge, Data Centers, High Cost Utility Grids, Isolated Community Grids, Canal Power, Aquaculture, Algae, Desalination of Seawater, Seawater Mining, Shoreline Protection, and Disaster Relief and Recovery. WPTO sought input on the value of each market, recommendations on next steps and future efforts to investigate potential markets. The public consultation was closed in July and received over 400 comments from 41 responses. The report is now undergoing revisions and should be published by early 2019.

WPTO has also requested feedback on ocean energy metrics in the U.S. for system and subsystem performance, specifically on the performance metrics identified within the document titled “Existing Ocean Energy Performance Metrics”. The results of this public consultation will help to inform the WTPO´s strategic planning in the future years, contribute to evaluation criteria for potential future opportunities and provide a baseline for U.S. input into international efforts related to ocean energy metrics.

PNNL, NREL and Sandia have been developing a new Portal and Repository for Information on Marine Renewable Energy - PRIMRE – aiming to provide broad access to engineering, resource characterization, and environmental effects information on marine energy projects to facilitate the commercial development of the marine energy industry. The latest PRIMRE webinar was hosted on October 3, 2018:

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Copyright - OES - 2019

Ocean Energy Systems (OES), also known as the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP) on Ocean Energy Systems, functions within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of the OES do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or its individual member countries.

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