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OES Newsletter
News Bulletin
17 October, 2018

Brief review from the 27th ExCo Meeting held in Halifax, Canada, on 10-11 November 2014

The Executive Committee of Ocean Energy Systems (OES), an International Energy Agency (IEA) Technology Initiative, announces the outcomes of its 27th Meeting held in Halifax, Canada on 10-11 November 2014.

Delegates from 15 member countries attended the meeting Canada, Denmark, China, Germany, Ireland, Japan, Nigeria, Mexico, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, UK and USA. Moreover two observers were present: India and The European Commission.

On the week before most of the delegates attended the International Conference on Ocean Energy - ICOE 2014 ( www.icoe-conference.com)

Here we present news from non-members India and European Commission. Below this is listed the news from each OES member country.


India

The National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, has been actively developing R&D projects:

  • Start of preliminary work  towards the development of a Numerical Offshore Tank facility 
  • Development of hydrokinetic turbines for  ocean currents  to harness energy from low current speeds, involving computational fluid dynamics studies, small scale model testing and field trials.
  • Open sea trials of  the BBDB (backward bent ducted buoy) wave energy device  for studying damping and pneumatic efficiency
  • Design of a small scale OTEC desalination laboratory to test system components, expected to be ready in 6 months time.


European Commission
Two important communications and a directive were adopted in 2014 by the European Commission:

  • Blue Growth Communication (January 2014), highlighting the need for an action to deliver the potential of ocean energy in Europe by 2020 and beyond. In this context, two actions have been established: set up of an Ocean Energy Forum with 3 workstreams (Technology, Finance and Environment & Consenting) aiming to give inputs to a strategic roadmap. In phase II, a European Industrial Initiative on Ocean Energy will be developed. See website here. 
  • Blue Innovation Communication (May 2014), realizing the potential of ocean energy to drive growth and jobs in Europe. See website here.
  • Legislation to create a common framework for maritime spatial planning (July 2014). Read document here,

 
The second call for proposals for the NER 300 programme was in July 2014, with a maximum funding of €142 million allocated to ocean energy. This is one of the world's largest programmes for low-carbon projects, funded from the sale of 300 million emission allowances in the New Entrants Reserve (NER) of the European Union Emissions Trading System. Five ocean energy projects won this funding, two in the first call in 2012 and three in this second call:

  • A 10 MW array of 3-bladed tidal current turbines in the Sound of Islay (UK)
  • Kyle Rhea Tidal Turbine Array, a 8 MW array of twin tidal current turbines (UK)
  • A 16 MW OTEC system in a floating barge in Martinique (overseas region of France)
  • WestWave project, a 5 MW array in Killard Point in County Clare (Ireland). 
  • SWELL project, a 5.6 MW project of sixteen 350 kW wave energy converters in Peniche (Portugal)
Canada

Canada

Canada is developing a set of supportive policies for ocean energy under the Marine Renewable Energy  Enabling Measures programme in progress.
 
On a provincial level, there is a lot of progress in Nova Scotia. The region has set up a Marine Renewable Energy Strategy to achieve a 300 MW target of commercial development by 2020 and they are working now on how to get there. Nova Scotia has some of the most attractive Feed-In Tariffs (FITs) in the world for tidal energy and has recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding on marine energy with British Columbia.
 
Fundy Ocean Research Center for Energy (FORCE) in the Bay of Fundy has four berths:
  • Minas Basin (Siemens & Bluewater)
  • Atlantis (Lockheed Martin & Irving)
  • Cape Sharp Tidal (OpenHydro & Emera)
  • Black Rock Tidal (Schottel)
A 64 MW subsea cable has been successfully installed in November 2014. A subsea platform with onboard sensing equipment has been connected to shore since 2013, successfully recording data on the tides, currents and water quality as part of FORCE’s Fundy Advanced Sensor Technology (FAST) programme.
 
There are also relevant activities in Canada on river current. The Canadian Hydrokinetic Turbine Test Centre, grid connected in Winnipeg River, Manitoba, is a partnership between University of Manitoba & Manitoba Hydro. Four devices have been tested. There is some activity on wave energy going on in British Columbia: the West Coast Wave Initiative, a collaborative research effort between the University of Victoria and Industry.
China

China

The Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has a strategy for renewable energy development for 2020, which considers three key goals for marine energies:

  • Design and manufacture of tidal current energy projects (in the scale of MWs)
  • Modular design and manufacture of wave energy devices (in the range of 100 kWs)
  • Research and demonstration of environment-friendly technology for tidal range energy.

The small scale test site in Shandong Province has recently obtained consent from the local government. Two relevant R&D projects are progressing in China:

  • The upgrade project of Jiangxia tidal power plant (from 3.9MW to 4.1MW) 
  • The development of the Dynamic Tidal Power (DTP) concept, based on a collaborative agreement between China and The Netherlands established this year. 

The floating tidal current turbine Haineng III (2×300 kW) has been tested in Guishan Channel since December 2013 exposed to several typhoons.

The two demonstration projects in Shandong Province and Zhejiang Province, consisting of hybrid systems, including wave and tidal current energy devices, have been actively progressing.

Denmark

Denmark

DanWEC, a Danish wave energy centre located at Roshage, in Hanstholm, is progressing with their plans towards establishing an offshore test site in Hanstholm. Two directional wave and current Waverider buoys have been acquired. DanWEC is now negotiating with the authorities the regulatory aspects for testing single wave energy devices.

Main national public funding comes from the EUDP research programme (within the Danish Energy Agency) and from the Danish Association Energinet.dk 

Main national public funding comes from the EUDP research programme (within the Danish Energy Agency) and from Energinet.dk, the Danish transmission system operator and owner of the overall electricity and gas infrastructure. In addition to the available funding for renewable energy additional €4 million has been dedicated for wave energy in 2014 - 2015.

The Structural Design of Wave Energy Devices (SDWED) project, running since 2010, supported by the Danish Council for Strategic Research, and coordinated by Aalborg University has been concluded this year and the outcomes of the project can be accessed here.

Active wave energy projects in Denmark include the Floating Power Plant (FPP), which has completed a series of four successful grid connected sea trials and is currently progressing with its full scale commercial P80, a combined device with a 5MW wind turbine and a 2.6 MW wave energy device; Wavestar continues to attract many visitors; Crest Wing and Wavepiston are also active and progressing with the development of the technology.

Germany

Germany

In Germany, the share of electricity produced from renewable energy continued to grow above 25 % in 2013. A new capacity of 595 MW from offshore wind had been installed and 2400 MW are under construction.

In the ocean energy sector, several players from academia and industry continue to be involved in relevant activities. A relatively small budget from the Government - €7 million - had been granted to 6 projects up to 2014 for the development of components for tidal current and wave energy devices.

Voith Hydro Ocean Current Technologies GmbH continues the testing programme at EMEC (European Marine Energy Centre) with the 1 MW turbine.

The German marine propulsion specialist, Schottel group, has founded a new subsidiary - SCHOTTEL HYDRO GmbH. The new company will incorporate the hydrokinetic energy business of SCHOTTEL and comprises activities in three segments: hydrokinetic turbines such as the 50 kW STG 50 which is on the market now, semi-submerged platforms, and components, such as turbine hubs and drives. A full-scale demonstrator using up to 36 SCHOTTEL STG turbines combined with the TIDALSTREAM TRITON S support structure resulting in a 2.5 MW device is planned to be developed at the FORCE site in the Bay of Fundy in 2016.

Bosch Rexroth group is developing highly efficient PTO (Power Take-off) components, and is coordinating a project for the development of a linear elastomer generator with the involvement of German universities.

Siemens has announced to abandon its ocean power generation business Marine Current Turbines. Reasons provided for this decision include the limited scale of the expected business as well as the limited pace at which projects and the industry are currently developing.

NEMOS, a new wave energy concept, has been conducting the detailed engineering of the prototype following the 1:10 scale tests at Nissum Bredning, Denmark, during these last two years.

Ireland

Ireland

The Irish Government is very enthusiastic with the economic potential of marine energy resources in the  country. There is a vision and goals and particular attention has been given to the socio-economic aspects of marine energy development in the country. In terms of job creation and economic growth, four actions have been determinant in driving policies over these last years:

  • Offshore Renewable Energy Development Plan (OREDP) was launched by Government and the Department of Communications Energy and Natural Resources in 2014 and outlines the 10 priority actions up to 2016 that will support the development of offshore renewables in Ireland. Available here

  • The Government Action Plan for Jobs includes marine energy among the green economy sectors in which critical mass must be built

  • Report of Research Prioritisation Group identifies marine energy as one of fourteen priority areas for Ireland.

  • Harnessing Our Ocean Wealth which recognises the potential of Ireland’s offshore marine energy.

Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland published in June 2014 a detailed look on the supply chain to examine how well Ireland is positioned to capture the opportunities in sustainable energy industries and to build capacity in strategic area. Available here

A new ocean energy portal has been set up for information about ocean energy in Ireland. Available here. This outlines the key axes of activity in Ireland that support the development of Ocean energy renewables.

Mexico

Mexico

The public electrical utility, CFE, is working with the company Energy Forever to deploy a first 200 kW pilot power plant at Sauzal’s breakwaters (Baja California) to power lightning and other systems of the port. The project is planned to be completed by the end of the year and to start operation next year.
 
CFE launched a call for proposals on ocean energy to develop projects in ocean currents, wave energy and offshore wind. The results are expected to be announced during November 2014.
 
The Mexican company Potencia Industrial is partnering with the North American company Aquantis Inc. to develop a tidal current project at the Cozumel Canal in Mexico. The Engineering Institute of National University (UNAM) and the Universidad Autonoma de Baja California (UABC) will deploy a High Frequency Radar (HFR) system at the Cozumel Channel to measure superficial currents.
 
The Mexican Government has opened a call for the creation of a centre of excellence on ocean energy. The  call for proposals was launched in September 2014 and it will be open until February 2015. Similar initiatives have been already developed for wind, geothermal and solar energy.
Nigeria

Nigeria

In Nigeria there is no political support for wave and tidal energy development. The country has a very good potential to explore OTEC and therefore a comprehensive resource assessment on the coast of Nigeria is  being conducted. Any future plans for the development of an OTEC project will be subject to the final approval of the Government.
 
Nigeria is advisor in the Cost of Energy project conducted by the OES (Ocean Energy Systems), in the specific part of the assessment of OTEC costs.
Portugal

Portugal

The Portuguese Pilot Zone has launched three documents (in English) for public discussion, which have been provisionally approved by DGEG (General Directorate for Energy and Geology): the Access Regulation, the Geophysical Characterization and the Environmental Characterization.

The wave energy group at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) is pursuing the development of their OWC Spar concept. An array of 3 buoys has been tested at Plymouth University, using the transnational programme 

MARINET. The National Laboratory for Energy and Geology (LNEG) has been performing technical and economical assessment of WECs. The applied methodology aims to identify key issues relevant to the development of WECs. LNEG in partnership with IST is pursuing the development of a new wave energyconverter, wave flume tests are running. 

There are two relevant training initiatives in Portugal: IST is coordinating the specialized course on ocean energy within the European Master on Renewable Energy (EUREC); WavEC is coordinating the OCEANET, a European training network of early stage researchers in the area of floating offshore wind and wave energy, which will run until 2016, bringing together partners from across Europe.

Waveroller was tested in the summer of 2014 for 6 weeks in Peniche, Portugal. The next step is the design and construction of the first unit to be tested in the same area, Peniche, as part of the NER 300 project (SWELL), consisting in a wave farm of 5.6 MW (16 x 350 kW).

The OWC Pico plant in Azores operated by WavEC as a test facility, achieved an accumulated production of 70 MWh in November 2014.

The WavEC Annual Seminar entitled “Fostering Transatlantic Growth of Marine Renewables" has been organized in collaboration with the Embassy of the United States of America in Portugal with the sponsorship of several Portuguese companies and several speakers from NREL, OREC, Clean Reach and Principle Power, among others.

Singapore

Singapore

The Singapore Government is supporting two initiatives aiming to turn Singapore in a R&D hub for ocean energy for tropic seas:

  • The Renewable Energy Integration and Demonstration (REIDS) aiming to support the test of technologies for remote grid areas.
  • Energy Innovation Research Programme (EIRP) for proof of concept of tidal & wave energy devices.

The Government if further planning the development of a scaled test site to study device performance for tropics and feasibility studies are being conducted for 4 different sites. 

Nanyang Technological University (NTU) launched a Joint Industry Programme (JIP) on offshore renewables to promote collaboration between the industry and academic partners in ocean energy.

The academic network SEAcORE, set up by the Energy Research Institute at Nanyang Technological University, is doing collaborative research on a number of identified key topics: tropical marine energy centers, marine spatial planning, environmental impact assessment, training programmes/R&D collaborations, standards and certification.

Spain

Spain

Despite the lack of financial support to all renewables in Spain, big Spanish companies continue active in the ocean energy sector, such as IBERDROLA, or ABENGOA. There are also some enthusiastic small and medium enterprises (SMEs) developing and testing wave and tidal current concepts. Latest development include: in Galicia, an experimental prototype is being tested by Norvento and in the Canary Islands, the company Wedge Global has tested a prototype of a device with a PTO based on a linear generator.

Waveport, the 4-year European funded project for demonstration of the Powerbuoy device from the North American company, Ocean Power Technologies, was concluded in October 2014 but the device has not been tested as planned. It was built by the Spanish company Degima and shipped to USA.

On a regional level, there is some support mainly from the two regional governments of the Basque Country and Canary Islands. Their respective open sea test facilities, bimep and PLOCAN, are now fully prepared to install and test wave energy devices. Mutriku OWC plant in the Basque Country has now more than three years of continuous operation. There is further some initial interest in this field growing in other regions such as Andalucía and Galicia. 

Bilbao Marine Energy Week will be held on 20-24 April 2015 in the Basque Country, organized by EVE, TECNALIA and the Bilbao Exhibition Centre.

Sweden

Sweden

In 2014, the Ministry of Enterprises, Energy and Communications will launch a national maritime strategy, presenting actions, aiming at the sustainable development of industries related to the sea, which includes ocean energy. 

Swedish Water Law is now under review. It has been suggested that more water-related activities should be made subject only to notification and not a full permit-process but nothing has been decided yet.

The Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management has been commissioned to prepare the forthcoming Swedish national marine spatial planning. The status report is available here.

New Swedish legislation applicable to marine spatial planning came in to force 1 September 2014. 

Seabased Industry AB together with the Finish utility Fortum are developing a wave energy park outside Sotenäs with 10 MW capacity, the first phase (1 MW) being under progress. Two recent Swedish R&D projects that have received funding are progressing: the tidal and ocean current technology by Minesto and the new wave energy concept developed by CorPower Ocean AB. A third project that has received funding during 2014 is a pre study of combining three different technologies, involving the companies Ocean Harvesting Technology AB, CorPower Ocean AB and Waves4Power AB. 

The Swedish Energy Agency is making progress in forming a national ocean energy program.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

UK has a complete suite of policies for ocean energy. There is a discussion now on policies to bring wave energy for the same position as tidal energy and the need to take a step back, looking to improving the reliability of components. 

Marine energy research priorities in the country have been addressed by the Supergen Marine programme.

Phase 3 is dedicated to the creation and operation of a UK Centre for Marine Energy Research (UKCMER) whose core membership is formed by the University of Edinburgh, the University of Strathclyde, Queen’s University Belfast and the University of Exeter, with other 11 associate universities. 

The FloWave Ocean Energy Research Facility (1:20 scale), constructed at the University of Edinburgh, became operational during 2014. It is the first test tank in the world to allow the combination of waves and currents in any relative direction. 

The first commercial tidal current projects are progressing:

  • Meygen in Scotland (west coast of Islay), the world’s largest planned tidal current project (398 MW) combining two technologies - Andritz Hydro Hammerfest and Atlantis Resources Corporation – secured a funding package for the first stage of the project; construction is planned to start next year. 
  • DP Marine energy is also developing a project of 30 MW off the west coast of Islay planned to start construction next year and is further proposing a 100 MW project at Northern Ireland (Fairhead) in partnership with DEME Blue.

The UK Government has proposed a Strike Price of £305/ MWh for wave and tidal projects entering operation in the time period 2014-2019, for a 15-year term and only available for projects of up to 30 MW.

United States of America

United States of America

The Department of Energy (DOE) and the Navy are committed to advance marine renewable energies technologies in USA. DOE has been increasing the funding portfolio for ocean energy. In 2014, DOE was appropriated a total of $41.3 million, the largest ever DOE funding in ocean energy, from the Water Power Program.

The following are highlights from 2014 all aligned to improve the performance, lower the costs, and accelerate the deployment of wave and current (tidal, ocean, and river) energy technologies:

  • Marine and Hydrokinetic Environmental and Resource Characterization Instrumentation - $3.25 million – supporting the development of cost effective technologies to monitor potential environmental impacts. Six projects have been funded across 5 different institutions

  • Marine and Hydrokinetic University R&D Consortium - $4 million - Reduce technical, economic and environmental barriers. One project has been awarded to the Northwest National Marine Renewable Energy Center

  • Wave Energy Prize - $6.5 million to develop and administer a prize to spur game-changing innovation in wave energy conversion technologies. Ricardo was awarded to develop and administer the “Wave EnergyPrize”

  • MHK Demonstrations at the Navy Wave Energy Test Site - $10 million - test of two wave energy devices at the new deep berths at U.S. Navy’s Wave Energy Test Site in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii

  • An open source code to assess energy capture and power performance, now available here, will lead into a new international WEC code2code and code2experiment comparison to verify and validate wave energy software tools 


Important links:
OpenEI’s Water Power Gateway – Serves as a portal to multiple databases, development tools, and a community forum for providing feedback to DOE. See site here

Tethys - Catalogs and shares environmental research from around the world. See site here

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Upcoming Events

22 - 24.Oct.2018
Offshore Energy 2018

This event will bring together the oil & gas, offshore wind and marine energy industry.

29 - 31.Oct.2018
7th Annual World Congress of Ocean-2018

Theme: One Ocean One Dream, Oct. 29-31 2018, Qingdao, China

30 - 31.Oct.2018
Ocean Energy Europe 2018

400+ professionals from all parts of the industry and from 20 countries come to the event to meet people in the busy exhibition hall and get an update on the sector’s latest news in the conference.

20 - 23.Nov.2018
3rd Wave & Tidal Energy Workshop

The Workshop provides a wide and interdisciplinary perspective on the current development of marine energy.

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2018 Australian Ocean Renewable Energy Symposium

The AORES symposium aims to foster collaboration and future growth of the Australian ocean renewable energy sector.

Copyright - OES - 2018

Disclaimer:
Ocean Energy Systems (OES), also known as the Technology Collaboration Programme (TCP) on Ocean Energy Systems, functions within a framework created by the International Energy Agency (IEA). Views, findings and publications of the OES do not necessarily represent the views or policies of the IEA Secretariat or its individual member countries.


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