The draft policy direction/roadmap on the ocean energy activities in Nigeria is currently been considered by the Federal Government of Nigeria. The government is also considering setting up an ocean energy activity centre, the CENTRE FOR OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES (CORER). This centre is to be located on approval, within the existing Nigeria Institute for Oceanography & Marine Research (NIOMR), with its operational board drawn from all relevant government agencies that are statutorily involved in ocean research, security, management, energy generation and distribution sectors of the economy.
MARINE SPATIAL PLANNING POLICY
The Federal Ministry of Environment is responsible for the preparation of a comprehensive national policy for environment and natural resources protection and conservation, including the procedure for environmental impact assessment of all developing projects; promotes cooperation in environmental science and conservation technology with similar bodies in other countries and with international bodies connected with environment and natural resources protection and conservation; monitors and enforces environmental protection measures.
The Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) conducts research into resources and physical characteristics of the Nigerian territorial waters and the offshore area.
There are no pre-selected areas for ocean energy. It is expected that areas for OTEC development will be identified following the completion of feasibility studies for OTEC.
The strategic recommendation called “Beyond Oil & Gas for Nigeria”, is for the government, among others, to set up a dedicated Center for Ocean Renewable Energy Resources (CORER), comprising Government of Ocean, Energy and Environmental statutory related agencies and with other stakeholders, to engage in a “one stop shop” deliberation/decision making body, to oversee all development initiatives on OES/OTEC programs.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
The Federal Ministry of Environment is the responsible entity for this decision. EIA baseline and post-deployment monitoring steps of the projects have to be done in accordance with the EIA guidelines.
LEGISLATION AND REGULATION
The statutory consultation is the Federal Ministry of Environment. Mandatory consultees are the following, but not limited to:
• Federal Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (FMARD);
Informal consultations can also take place with relevant agencies, stakeholders, and communities.