Country Reports

The Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) in collaboration with FOT-K Consortium are undertaking research activities and putting together a proposal to the Nigerian Government to undertake a feasibility study that will explore and identify suitable locations for the implementation of Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) facilities offshore the Nigerian Continental shelf. The scope of work that will be carried out in this feasibility study will include geological, oceanographic, engineering, socioeconomic and other environmental activities.

The draft policy direction/roadmap on the ocean energy activities in Nigeria is currently been considered by the Federal Government of Nigeria. The government is also considering setting up an ocean energy activity centre, the CENTRE FOR OCEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES (CORER). This centre is to be located on approval, within the existing Nigeria Institute for Oceanography & Marine Research (NIOMR), with its operational board drawn from all relevant government agencies that are statutorily involved in ocean research, security, management, energy generation and distribution sectors of the economy.

There is a Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) managed by several agencies depending on the type or types of activities.

The Federal Ministry of Environment is responsible for the preparation of a comprehensive national policy for environment and natural resources protection and conservation, including the procedure for environmental impact assessment of all developing projects; promotes cooperation in environmental science and conservation technology with similar bodies in other countries and with international bodies connected with environment and natural resources protection and conservation; monitors and enforces environmental protection measures.

The Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research (NIOMR) conducts research into resources and physical characteristics of the Nigerian territorial waters and the offshore area.

There are no pre-selected areas for ocean energy. It is expected that areas for OTEC development will be identified following the completion of feasibility studies for OTEC.

NIOMR has submitted a recommendation proposal of an official Roadmap to ensure the progress on the OES/OTEC project initiatives, and is currently being analyzed by the government.

The strategic recommendation called “Beyond Oil & Gas for Nigeria”, is for the government, among others, to set up a dedicated Center for Ocean Renewable Energy Resources (CORER), comprising Government of Ocean, Energy and Environmental statutory related agencies and with other stakeholders, to engage in a “one stop shop” deliberation/decision making body, to oversee all development initiatives on OES/OTEC programs.

An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is required in accordance with the Nigerian guidelines and legislation.

The Federal Ministry of Environment is the responsible entity for this decision. EIA baseline and post-deployment monitoring steps of the projects have to be done in accordance with the EIA guidelines.

The competent authority involved in the consenting process of projects in the ocean is expected to be the Presidency in collaboration with agencies with relevant mandate in the sea, as well as NIOMR/FOT-K consortium as the contracting party in Nigeria to the OES.

There is no legislation for ocean energy.

Consultation is done upon submission of the EIA report and before the project implementation.

The statutory consultation is the Federal Ministry of Environment. Mandatory consultees are the following, but not limited to:

• Federal Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development (FMARD);
• Nigerian Navy (NN);
• Nigerian Maritime Administration & Safety Agency (NIMASA);
• Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation -Renewable Energy Division (NNPC-RED);
• Federal Ministry of Power (FMOP);
• Federal Ministry of Commerce & Industry (FMCI);
• Federal Ministry of Environment (FME);
• Presidential Task Force on Power (PTFP);
• Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN);
• Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission (NERC);
• Federal Ministry of Finance (FMF);
• Nigerian Academy of Engineering;
• University of Lagos / Maritime University;
• FOT-K Consortium;
• Nigerian Institute of Oceanography & Marine Research (NIOMR).

Informal consultations can also take place with relevant agencies, stakeholders, and communities.