Supporting Policies for Ocean Energy


The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is the nodal Ministry of the Government of India for all matters including tariff fixation and policy formulation relating to new and renewable energy. MoES works towards the technology development of ocean energy devices.


Currently, MNRE is considering floating calls to fund various proposals related to ocean energy.


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister of India, approved the proposal of MoES on "Deep Ocean Mission", with a view to explore the deep ocean for resources and develop deep sea technologies for sustainable use of ocean resources. Deep Ocean Mission is a mission mode programme to support the Blue Economy Initiatives of the Government of India. MoES will be the nodal Ministry implementing this multi-institutional ambitious mission. Energy and fresh water from the ocean is one of the components in this mission. As part of this, studies and detailed engineering design for offshore Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) powered desalination plant are planned.

NIOT under MoES has commenced the execution of an OTEC powered desalination plant of 100 m3/day capacity in Kavaratti, UT Lakshadweep. Detailed engineering of the plant including cold water conduit is being finalized for fabrication.


Consenting processes

India does not have a complete Marine Spatial Planning Policy (MSP) process. However, coastal data has been organised in a geographical information system. Several laws and policies for coastal zone management are in place for marine planning in form of Integrated Coastal Regulatory Zone, Integrated Coastal Management Plan and Integrated Island Management Plans under Environmental Protection Act.

 Before finalizing an area for development of ocean energy project, required clearances from various ministries have to be sought. No specific sites have been earmarked or preferred as of now.

No specific authority is responsible in managing consenting process. NIOT under Ministry of Earth Sciences and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy reviews the proposals related to Ocean Energy systems.

Ministry of Earth Sciences and Ministry of New and Renewable Energy reviews the proposals for Ocean Energy systems. List of other principal authorities involved in consenting process is given as under:
Sl. No. Ministry/Department Stage-I Clearances Stage-II Clearances
(or NOCs)
1. Ministry of Environment & Forests In-principle Clearance EIA and CRZ clearance
2. Ministry of Defence In-principle Clearance Clearance related to defence & security aspects, related to Coast Guard, Army, Navy, Air force, DRDO and other such institutions under MoD.
3. Ministry of External Affairs In-principle Clearance Clearance for development within the maritime zones of India.
4. Ministry of Home Affairs In-principle Clearance Clearance regarding deployment of foreign nationals in offshore blocks.
5. Ministry of Shipping No clearance needed at this stage. Clearance for projects near Major Ports. No Objection Certificate to operate away from shipping lanes.
At present no legal time line is fixed for consenting process. 

Environment Impact Assessment is required to get the CRZ clearance wherever required. For project outside territorial waters but within EEZ, although EIA is not mandatory as per Indian laws, it would be required to have access to international financing agencies.

The Ministry of Environment & Forests and Climate Change, Govt. of India is the entity responsible for the decision on wheteher an EIA is required. EIA is submited during the conceptual/baseline design stage.

Not Applicable as yet

Not Applicable as yet

Not Applicable as yet

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